Lesson plan

Sustainable food sources

Look at the skeleton of an animal and learn about how it used for many things besides food, including a game. Do activities on other sustainable food harvesting methods.
Science content
Biology: Indigenous People's sustainable use of Living Things (K, 2, 3)
Earth/Space: Sustainable practices, Interconnectedness (2, 5, 7)

Choose a selection of the activities.

Assemble the deer skeleton. Talk about how it may have died. Its body is used by, and help sustains, many other living things: animals gnaw the meat from the bones, bacteria and fungi decompose the meat and bones to valuable nutrients which leech into the soil, and are then used by plants to grow.
Humans can use many parts of an animal that they kill, and Pacific Northwest Indigenous groups make it a point to thank the animal for its life and to use every part of its body. Hooves, teeth, sinew and bones are used to make digging sticks, scrapers, knife handles, spoons, instruments and rattles, arrowheads and harpoons, thread, fish hooks (see halibut fish hook photo) and games (such as Pin and Ring game).

Show a version of the Pin and ring game made from animal bones.
Then students can try their own games made from recycled materials (cardboard tubes and chopsticks).

Set up stations of two sustainable food harvesting methods:
Clam baskets - harvesting by hand means that the clam beds are not overused
Fish traps - once enough fish for eating are caught, the remaining ones can be released


The Seasonal Round lesson plan includes many of the same activities.

Grades taught
Gr K