Activity

Motor free play

Summary
Build motors into electric circuits and use cardboard to make fans, cutters, colour wheels.
Science content
Physics: Energy forms, Conservation of Energy (1, 3, 4, 5)
Physics: Electricity, Electromagnetism (7)
Materials
  • home made wires, wires cut from holiday lights, or purchased electrical wires
  • batteries, I use AA size
  • small motors e.g. from Canada Robotix (hobby DC motors and/or hobby gear motors (which turn more slowly)
  • masking tape
  • card stock and scissors
  • pipe cleaners and other found craft materials
Procedure

Students build a motor into a simple electric circuit: a battery and motor, connected into a loop with wires, using masking tape to attach the wires to each component. When the loop of the circuit is closed, the shaft on the motor will turn, but often so fast that it might be hard to see - put your finger on it to feel it turn.

Once students have their motor working, show them the card stock and other materials, which they can tape to the shaft of the motor.
Ideas:
Fan - a small circle of card with angled blades blows air.
Saw - a small circle of card with a serrated edge can cut through a piece of tin foil or thin paper.
Colour wheel - add colours to a circle of card. When it spins the colours blur together.

Students can also add holiday lights into the circuit - see the helicopter in the last photo.

Grades taught
Gr 4
Gr 5
Gr 6
Gr 7
Teaching site
Tyee Elementary