CO2 acidifies water

Use a pH indicator to show that as CO2 is added to water the pH drops.
Science content
Biology: Sensing, Organ Systems (4, 5, 6)
Earth/Space: Weather, Seasons, Climate Change (K, 1, 4, 7)
Earth/Space: Fossil records, Geologic time scale (7)
Lessons activity is in
  • cup, half or less full of water, for each student
  • indicator dye, or test papers, that can distinguish between pH 7 and pH 6
  • straw for each student

Add a couple of drops of indicator dye to the water in the cup (or dip the pH strip) to measure the pH of the water. It should be around 7.
Students blow through the straw into the water, until the colour of the water changes. Ours changed from green to yellow.
Read the new pH on the chart - it will have dropped i.e. become more acid.

Discuss what happened: as you blew into the water, the carbon dioxide in the exhaled air dissolved in the water and made it more acidic. This change was shown by the indicator.

Discussion in relation to climate change and ocean acidification:
As the levels of CO2 in our atmosphere increase, the ocean absorbs more CO2 making the ocean more acidic. The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maxiumum was a major greenhouse warming event 55 million years ago, resulting from a massive carbon release into the atmosphere (likely methane as well as CO2) which acidified the oceans. The ocean acidification is evident in core samples, which show a sudden decrease in shell deposits (the shells dissolve before reaching the ocean floor).

Discussion in relation to the brain and heart:
When you exert yourself you need more oxygen. You also release more CO2, which makes your blood more acidic. A part of the brain called the medulla oblongata measures the pH of the blood, so can determine how much CO2 is in the blood. Once the acidity gets to a certain level, the medulla oblongata signals your body to speed up breathing and to increase heart rate, which will increase O2 levels in the blood again.
(You can use the cortex of your brain to override and slow down breathing by thinking about it.)


Move to ocean activity: carbon dioxide making water acidic can be a big problem for aquatic plants and animals including coral.

Grades taught
Gr 1
Gr 2
Gr 3
Gr 4
Gr 5
Teaching site
Carnarvon Elementary
Gordon Elementary Science Club
ingridscience afterschool